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State of the art

Spain has shown in the last 15 years a considerable increase in energy consumption and energy intensity. This fact, together with the also increasing dependency on external energy sources (near 80% in the last years) and the need to preserve the environment and guarantee a sustainable development, have enforced the promotion of efficient ways to use energy efficiently as well as to increase the use of clean energy sources. In this way, the objectives to increase renewable energy sources and energy efficiency are clearly inspired by economic, social and environmental strategies, besides being essential to fulfil international obligations dealing with environmental issues.

The Renewable Energy Plan 2005-2010 [ ] prepared by the Institute for Diversification and Saving of Energy (“Instituto de Diversificación y Ahorro de la Energía”, IDAE) has established a contribution of 12.1% from Renewables to the national primary energy consumption in 2010, by means of : • An electricity share from RES of 30.3% to the national gross electricity consumption ; • A 5.83% contribution of biofuels to the consumption of gasoline and gas-oil for transport.

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